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Helene Goldnadel on Developing a Positive Thinking Attitude in Your Child

Posted by [email protected] on June 13, 2019 at 3:15 AM Comments comments (0)

If you have a child, you know how important is to take care of him and help him achieve his goals, we want him to be the best and be happy. However, one area that most people don't think about is the important of developing a positive thinking attitude, it might sound simple but it can make a dramatic difference in the life of a child.


A child is at its early years of his life and he is developing different physical, mental and social skills that will help him grow up and achieve his goals, however he is also experiencing his first real emotional problems.


The child is starting to socialize with his friends and he might have differences with some of them, he might feel discouraged because he didn't win a game or got the first place that he wanted. It’s at this moment, that parents need to be there to encourage positive thinking in the child.


When the kid feels sad because a problem he had or a failure you need to talk to him and tell him how important is not to feel discouraged, tell him that he can do it, that he is still learning and that life is a constant improvement.


If you child cries because he failed a test or his team lost, teach him the power of positive thinking. Tell him that he has to learn from his mistakes and then try again to improve his results.


It’s important that parents teach self improvement to their children, because in school they will not learn it and developing a positive thinking mindset at an early age, can give your child a great advantage over everyone else.


If you child makes a mistake or does something wrong, don’t just yell at him, show him where was his mistake and how he must do it the next time, this will create a strong character of him and give him self confidence.


To learn more, please visit here: https://helenegoldnadel.dudaone.com/


How to Nurture Your Child's Potential? Helene Goldnadel Explains

Posted by [email protected] on May 30, 2019 at 7:20 AM Comments comments (0)

When a child is born, we have great hopes and expectations for them to become the best them they can be. Every parent wonders what can be done for their child to reach their full potential.

Here are a few tips by Helene Goldnadel to help you along the way of having your child flourish and develop his talents.


1) Don't stress out...

Placing too much of a focus on the development of your child, will only detain them. Even from very young, children sense when their parents are anxious and this works counter-productive.


2) Let your children lead the way.

Follow their interests, let them show you what they want to learn and help them only if they so desire.


3) Strew!

Strewing is a term often used in unschooling, it means casually leaving things linger around your child for him to pick up or discard. Now we're not only talking books here. Any variety of things can spark an interest in your child: fruits, beads, toys, games... While your child still chooses what sparks his interest, you may still point out things that you find worthwhile.


4) Don't place too much focus on linguistic and mathematical intelligence...

Even though these are the most valued skills in our society, there are at least 7 forms of intelligence, so that leaves 5 others your child can be accomplished in.


5) Games and toys

are a great way for your child to learn and develop himself. Pick the right toys and games and join in every once in a while.


6) Fun

Fun is by far the most important factor in achieving anything for your child. If they are not enjoying themselves, they will not benefit from the experience.


7) Explore the world, go outside, travel.

There are so many things to learn, see, feel, touch; it would be a pity to pass on all those marvels. Travel leaves few people untouched. The excitement of new surroundings, meeting new people, the clash of cultures...


8) Craft and art supplies

These are great things to have lying around. Invest in a wide variety of paints, coloring material, beads, rope, etc... and leave them at your child’s disposal.


9) Books.

Even though books should not be your primary focus in sparking interests in your child, they are a great secondary tool. Access to a good library (or establishing a varied collection in your home) is a nice idea if your child needs to do additional research, or if they are just looking for a good read.


10) Computers and the internet

Both can be used in a variety of skill building. As social networks, as recreational or research tool. You can choose to be present if they go online, or not.


11) Be a role model.

A parent who is open and interested in the world will most likely raise an interested child.


To learn more, please visit here: https://helenegoldnadel.dudaone.com/


Childcare Activities for Your Child's Optimal Development

Posted by [email protected] on May 24, 2019 at 5:45 AM Comments comments (0)

The first few years of your baby's life are those years when his brain soaks up skills and information like a sponge. Scientists have proven time and again that the speed of development of the adult's brain is nothing compared to that of a child's during these formative years.


This is why it's important to involve your kid in a multitude of childcare activities that will help him develop physically, mentally, socially, and emotionally. Babysitting movement can be anything from performing in a school play to maneuvering the monkey bars.


Even the seemingly most mundane of tasks can be an important childcare activity if done under the supervision of a knowledgeable professional. When a child learns a particular childcare activity at this age, he or she must be well supervised so that he or she will get the maximum benefits from that activity.


A reason why many educators and parents shun the use of computers and portable gaming devices to keep kids busy is precisely because they don't need adult supervision for these activities. In fact, adults actually become a nuisance when kids are busy with their PSPs or their Wiis.


Unfortunately, these video games have little to teach children in terms of values, sportsmanship, waiting for one's turn, or creativity. These things are what we learned from worthwhile infant care activities when we were little, so it's only fair that we give our kids that same chance to grow.


Circle time as a tool for wonderful childcare activities


Circle time promotes interaction among a child and his peers. It's an invisible but safe haven both for introverts and extroverts. Child care activities appropriate for circle time are singing action songs, listening to stories, show-and-tell, or role-playing.


Helene Goldnadel suggests you to make sure that the child care activities you plan to use for kids are accompanied by music and supplemented by a lot of visual aids. Children these days, perhaps due to the fast pace they're used to on television, are easily bored and the teacher or daycare worker needs to constantly grab their attention with attractive objects or sounds.


Fun arts and crafts childcare activities


Kids may or may not be fond of Math or of Reading, but the student who isn't fond of manipulating something with his or her hands is very rare. Arts and Crafts are fantastic governance movement in which every child would want to participate.


While performing these parenting activities, kids learn to develop their skills in cooperation and teamwork in order to complete a project. They also develop their social skills as they share materials and help each other or show each other their accomplishments.


Arts and crafts parenting movement are enjoyable not only for the kids but for the adults as well. When the children start getting messy with the finger paints, teachers and childcare providers can join in the fun. It's also said that in art, there is no "right or wrong answer." This means that kids are free to work on the projects as they please. Crafts also help them hone their creativity when they combine different media.


Childcare activities must be carefully planned


There is no truth to the notion that babysitting duties are just one step up from regular babysitting. Due to the extensive studies made by famous educators, it is now evident that baby minding institutions must be meticulously planned by early childhood educators who understand that the child needs well-thought out parenting schools to fully stimulate all the aspects of his or her development.


To learn more, please visit here: https://helenegoldnadel.dudaone.com/


Basic Needs of Every Child Discussed by Helene Goldnadel

Posted by [email protected] on May 21, 2019 at 2:00 AM Comments comments (0)

The Need for Power: People often grossly underestimate a child's need for power. Most of the "power struggles" that parents complain about are the result of not acknowledging this very basic need at the outset. A child needs to feel in control of her life, as if her choices actually make a difference and her world will bend to her touch. Primal? Yes. Do we all share this same need? Absolutely. When we feel as if we do not have power over the course of our lives, hopelessness and bitterness set in. We all have our own power struggles - a child's struggles are no less significant than the ones we face.

 

Too many times we fall into the "Me, Mommy! You, Child!" frame of mind. Respect your child and allow him to feel a sense of power over his world. Instead of demanding a certain behavior, help him understand why it may be the best choice. Speak with your child like you would with a friend, gathering opinions and coming up with solutions together. Respecting your child, honoring his opinion, and empowering him does not lessen your role as a mother. Remember, you are not running a dictatorship; you're managing a family.


The Need for Acceptance: A child needs to know that no matter what her personality, behavior, talents, or abilities are, she is absolutely accepted for who she is. This is mothering with no strings attached. Your child must feel that she can always get a hug, a loving conversation, and an attitude from you that says, "I enjoy being in your presence," without having to earn it.


When times get tough and the behavior becomes challenging (which it will), forget about sticking to your guns. Put the guns down and stretch out your arms instead. See the behavior, not your child, as unacceptable and help her become aware of the difference. It is your job to help your child grow up with the unshakable knowledge that she is always accepted and always unconditionally loved by you, from now to eternity. Nothing she can ever do will change that, and she needs to know this in the depths of her spirit. Her choices my frustrate you at times, even cause you pain, and you do not have to accept those choices. But you must always accept her.


The Need for Breathing Room: We live in a culture that is jam-packed from morning to night. Our schedules, homes, minds, and lives are filled with so much stuff we can hardly navigate around it all. From soccer practice to music lessons to art class to day camp, our children's days are crammed full. As moms, we are constantly bombarded with what a "good mother' does and often find ourselves subconsciously subscribing to a philosophy that we are somehow shortchanging our children if we don't provide them with every opportunity possible. Instead of developing their skills and abilities, our children's schedules often become a manifestation of our own inadequacies. As a result, meals are eaten on the run, little time is spent together as a family, weekends are spent doing the "soccer mom shuffle," and our children have no room in their lives to just play, exist, and simply breathe in life.


Sometimes the best gift you can give your child is not more instruction but more room to develop his own abilities. A child needs to explore and discover, and he needs free time to do this. True genius usually does not occur in the classroom. It happens spontaneously in the backyard with a field guide, over a box of Legos, or through the simple medium of pencil and paper. Don't think for one minute that you are doing a poor job as a mom by not enrolling your child in the submersion French program or weekly toddler gymnastics classes. Quit prodding your child. Enjoy him and let him enjoy himself.


The Need for Security: Nothing beats the feeling of a warm blanket when it's cold outside or a strong hand to hold when the path is rocky. All of us have a deep need for security. We long to feel safe in an unsure world, and our children are no different. Parents frequently fall into the trap of equating their child's fears and insecurities with their own. However, the size of the event does not determine the level of anxiety. The first day of preschool can be just as scary for a child as the first day on the job is for an adult.


We are not overprotecting our children by providing them with unlimited amounts of security. Pushing them out of the nest does nothing to develop their wings. It only teaches them that this world is a scary place and that their fears are completely warranted. Believe me, when they are ready, they will fly - with complete freedom and confidence. It is not our job to force our children to face their fears. it is our job, however, to give them the security of knowing that they are not facing their fears alone. Throughout your children's lives, you do not need to clear the path before them and you do not need to shove them down it. You merely need to stay close behind and back them up.


The Need to Feel Treasured: Your children are a gift. Don't ever let a day go by without somehow confirming this. Your children need to know that your life is greater, richer, and fuller simply because of them. There are so many ways to show them how much you treasure them. You can treasure them with the simple gift of undivided attention. Give them your full attention when they speak to you, with eyes on them, ears hearing every word. Treasure them by showing them that nothing is ever more important than they are. Paint spills, windows break, carpets get destroyed, and walls mysteriously get colored on. These are all things, just things. A dining room chair is easy to repair; a child's wounded spirit is not. Show them you treasure them by operating on their time, not yours. Slow down enough to really appreciate who they are. That is the true treasure.


The Need to Fail: Being a life coach Helene Goldnadel is constantly astounded at a child's natural propensity to learn. From the moment that little baby takes his first step, falls to the ground, gets back up again, and takes those final steps into outstretched arms, he has learned that his efforts produce results. He has also learned that sometimes you need to fall on your fanny a few times to get where you want to go. This simple model is the key to success in life - failures are often the most effective means of learning, and persistence always pays off.


Children are often denied this lesson today. Our society goes to extremes to even the playing field and remove failure from the picture. Failure is uncomfortable, there's no doubt about that. But we all need to realize that it's a very necessary part of a successful life. It is not our task as moms to eliminate failure. It is our task to teach our children that failure is a part of life, one that should never be feared. We need to teach them too that, on the flip side of the coin, persistence always results in success. Delayed gratification is a wonderful gift to give to your children. What joy they will have in life when they learn that the best things are worth working for, saving for, and waiting on. Instant gratification is euphoric, but the lesson is never learned and the pleasure never lasts. As a mom, you don't need to make your children's lives perfect. Instead, you need to adequately equip your children to handle the inevitable imperfections that come with it.


Also read: How to Treat Impulsive Behaviors in Your Child


Make Your Child More Creative By Boosting His Visual Development

Posted by [email protected] on May 16, 2019 at 4:05 AM Comments comments (0)

Psychologist as well as a coveted philosopher William James said that the world of vision for infants is a big confusion. In fact as soon as the baby takes birth their vision undergoes rapid developments till the first year. Gray, hazy images and images which are not in focus during the initial weeks start to become defined and perceive color in the following months. The journey of creativity and development of vision starts when these blurred images start becoming clear to the child.


Visual sense plays an important function for growth of the brain during the child's first year. Baby's sense of vision is very important for the development of creativity. It is due to creativity that the newly born baby distinguishes and identifies anything he/she sees. Almost 90 % of the information that enters the brain of humans is visual in nature. To provide adequate visual stimulation is something very significant for the baby's complete mental and physical development in future.


Just born babies may not have coordinated eye movement and therefore may look cross eyed during the beginning months of their birth. However, babies can see closer range that is between 9 inches to 12 inches, in other words the distance between the face of the mother and the new born baby in arms.


Experts believe the new born babies can see and track the object during initial few weeks itself. At the age of 6 months, the vision and creativity system is nearly like an adult in operation. In fact, newborns are able to see about 20/400 subsequently after birth, then 20/40 by the age one. There is improvement in focusing during 2-3 years that eventually reaches 20/20 vision that is considered normal. The most spectacular changes happen in the first 8 months.


New born babies can see dark and light shades but are unable to see all the colors. Differentiating colors are not tuned finely till the age of 3 months. That's why toys for infant stimulation have distinguishable black and white patterns. Such toys have patterns that demonstrate highest contrast that is 100% for the eyes and that's why babies are attracted to them.


Development of vision, creativity and also physical development like jiggling, arms waving, kicking is encouraged by high contrast images. Babies can also identify the shades of gray which is shown by recent studies. At the age of two months, babies can see almost all the faint and difficult to analyze shades which have made our visual world rich and textured.


There is an area in the human brain which is concerned with the recognition of faces; this could be the reason for newborn babies being attracted to human faces. This very act of recognizing which is also specific indicates creative development in the child. This act forms a strong bond between the baby and the mother especially during breast feeding.


When two months old, baby can recognize features of the face like eyes and mouth. When the child is 4 months old, he or she can recognize mother's face from others.


Visual stimulation starts creative development. Therefore, every parent and care giver should show all sorts of colors and different images at early age itself so that child is fully equipped with required skills during the actual stage of creative development which happens between the ages 2-3 years. Creativity is acknowledgment of existing colors and images which is succeeded by improvement in ability to build.


For more info, please visit here: http://helenegoldnadel.strikingly.com/


Hints by Helene Goldnadel for Talking with Your Child

Posted by [email protected] on May 14, 2019 at 5:55 AM Comments comments (0)

There are some specific things we can do to help us communicate with our young children. The next series of articles will cover some of these ideas.


The idea we will discuss today is called "Joining children at their level of conversation". Young children have varying abilities in conversing and we should be aware of these and respond in kind. Consider the following points made by Helene Goldnadel:


MATCH THE COMPLEXITY OF YOUR CHILD'S LANGUAGE: Is your child is speaking in full sentences, phrases or single words? If your child uses phrases, you will want to respond in kind...using phrases similar to hers. If your child is speaking in full sentences you will want to respond in sentences of similar length.


For example if your child says "I carry baby bottle." Your response should not be a two paragraph discourse on baby bottles or a long explanation about babies. Instead, a simple "And I'll carry the baby" would be appropriate.


To encourage development of her language to the next level, make your response just a little more complex than hers. For example, if she is speaking in phrases you may want to respond with a simple sentence. If your child says "put baby sleepy" you might respond by saying "You want to put your baby to sleep ". This will encourage the next stage of her language development into simple sentences.


MATCH THE SPEED OF YOUR CHILD’S LANGUAGE. Listen for the speed of her language. Children who speak fluidly can also speak rapidly. Those children who are still developing primary language skills will speak more slowly, needing time to think as they create images and find the words to describe them. If your child is speaking slowly you will want to slow down your speech also.


MATCH THE AMOUNT YOUR CHILD SPEAKS. Some children speak a lot-others speak less frequently. With a child who speaks less, we speak less. With a child who speaks a lot, we speak may speak more. Generally speaking you want to speak the same amount or less than your child. She needs the practice. You already know how to talk!


TAKE TURNS SPEAKING. Think of taking conversational turns in a 50-50 turn taking manner. In other words: your child speaks and you listen. Then you speak and your child listens. Then your child speaks again as you listen. This provides the time your child needs to interact with language. In this process we become partners in language with our children.


ALLOW TIME FOR YOUR CHILD TO SPEAK. Be sure to give your child time to speak. Frequently we are so rushed and focused on our day to day business that we talk "at" or "to" our children without giving them the time to respond. Giving them time to respond and taking the time to listen is what allows for the give and take that establishes good communication. Sometimes it helps to count to ten after asking a question. Otherwise it's all too easy to answer it ourselves before our child has had the chance to process our question and formulate an answer.


When you are sensitive to your child’s level of conversation and support that level with your responsive language, your child will feel comfortable about talking with you and will develop her language skills to the maximum of her ability. She will also find it easier to communicate - to listen, to understand and to respond. All of this will build her language on a day to day basis while establishing a positive and nurturing relationship.


Bring Out the Genius within Your Child

Posted by [email protected] on May 6, 2019 at 5:20 AM Comments comments (0)

If you have 2 equally well-formed plant seedlings and you put one in a nutrient-rich solution and another in a nutrient-poor solution, what would happen? A biologist who did this experiment found that the seedling grown in a nutrient-rich environment grew tall and bloom very well while the other grown in nutrient-poor environment had stunted growth. Environment, not the biological inheritance of these seedlings has determined their actual growth and success in each case.


Similarly, if you child has a nutrient-rich environment, he can excel and blossom with his natural talents and gifts. For example, Mozart's father was an established court violinist and musician in Salzburg, Austria. He taught his son to play the harpsichord, violin and music when Mozart was a young child. The young Mozart achieved fame very soon. His father was able to introduce him to circles of influential people, using his position as a court musician in Salzburg. Age was not seen as a barrier to Mozart being able to learn and develop complex musical technique. When the young Mozart showed his interest in music above all other things, his parents encouraged him and supported him.


As a young child, Leonardo da Vinci's parents supported him in his enthusiasm to explore very wide-ranging interests including mathematics, science, music and art. In his early teens, da Vinci became an apprentice at the studio of an established and respected artist of the day, Andrea del Verrocchio. During his time at del Verrocchio's studio, da Vinci developed his artistic skills. At the same time, however, he was still able to carry on his talent for scientific inventions, using his artistic ability to depict his revolutionary ideas with real visual detail and clarity.


However, Einstein's early years were more in line with today's conventional educational experience. From being a baby, his family supported him greatly in developing his gifts and talents. He started his school career with primary school and ended it in higher education. Contrary to popular myth, Einstein was not a man obsessed with science, his interests both in his childhood and later life were always more diverse than that. In his youth, he explored religious thought and ethics, and took up the violin when he was 12 - something which he continued throughout his life. His parents allowed him to take his entrance examinations to higher education at the age of 16, two years younger than would be the norm.


In the economic sense, neither the family of Mozart, da Vinci nor Einstein were especially wealthy. So what do all three childhoods of these geniuses have in common?


The foundations of genius


  • Parents who believed in their abilities as children and supported them
  • Individual abilities in various fields
  • Opportunities to develop their own individual gifts and talents
  • No sense of any limits being set on their abilities
  • Focus on the ability of the individual
  • Discovery, recognition and appreciation of their abilities by others.


In the age of computers in our modern day, we can use home based child education programs for children development to teach your baby reading or baby math. Yes, your baby can start reading early with the right method and attitude. You can teach your baby reading or math, without the stress and it can be fun.


Helene Goldnadel is of the view that with proper guidance in their early years, any child can develop their gifts and talents. It is up to us as parents to guide them along their way. With a well thought out home based program, you can develop the true potential in your child to realize their own genius within.


To learn more, please visit here: http://helenegoldnadel.strikingly.com/


Building a Secure Attachment With Your Child

Posted by [email protected] on April 29, 2019 at 7:15 AM Comments comments (0)

Building a secure attachment with your child in my view is paramount to healthy parenting. Having a secure attachment means that you have an emotional relationship with your child. This means the individual child feels safe and secure that you as their parent will protect them, love them, nurture them and take care of their basic physical needs. Physical needs include things like clothes that are appropriate for the weather, nutritious food and water and shelter.


Meeting the emotional needs of your child is not easy because we as parents are human beings. We have had our own life experiences and we respond to life's difficulties, challenges and grief according to these experiences. We get stressed, over loaded and at times we want to bury our head and make it all go away. However, as parents our emotional well-being directly affects our child's emotional well-being.


For me, building a secure attachment with your child is the platform in which your child learns about life. Most of all they learn about trust. They also learn to be confident in their choices, develop the self-esteem in knowing that they are worthy of love and to be in relationship with others. Your child's attachment to you as a parent will define the person they will become.


Trust is probably the most important facet of developing a secure attachment. This means that your child trusts that you as their parent will provide for their needs. Helene Goldnadel gives you an example of how the trust cycle evolves.


  • The child has a need (e.g. hungry, fallen over and hurt themselves)
  • The child has an emotional response (e.g. they are fussing or crying)
  • They need a sense of gratification (e.g. the parent provides food or comfort)
  • They develop trust (e.g. the child learns that their parent will help during a time of need)


So as parents to build a secure attachment you need to learn your child's emotional and physical cues and respond appropriately. if your child cries, comfort him or her. If your child is angry, find out why, validate their emotion and talk about healthy ways of expressing anger. If your child is happy, join in on the fun. When your child is playing, play with them and enter their imaginary world. This will in turn affect how well your child can trust others in the world to meet these needs.


To learn more, visit here: http://helenegoldnadel.strikingly.com/


Understand the Importance of Emotional Development of Child

Posted by [email protected] on April 25, 2019 at 1:00 AM Comments comments (0)

Understanding child's emotion is something very important for parents, as for a newbie parents are only one who can make out child's behavior. During first time it becomes difficult for mother to make out the behavior of child. In such cases you need to take guidance of doctors, grandmas and still if you find something fishy then go online and find out the child psychology. Apart from physical development of your child, Helene Goldnadel believes that it is also important to look after emotional development of child.


When child grows and crosses the age of two years he starts understanding various mixture of feelings like love, happiness, sorrow, and so on. If we talk about emotions of toddlers then it is limited to anxiety, pain, comfort, etc. Now to understand emotions of small babies it becomes important to have great baby bonding. There are families where mothers tend to work more on baby as compared to father and so here it becomes difficult to create the required parenthood. There are small things like changing nappy, giving bath, feeding homemade food and so on which even a father must do for complete emotional development of child.


As the child grows, word emotions gain wider meaning. Apart from this even environment plays an important role in bringing up the child. It is very much essential for parents to understand that nearby surrounding around the child must be friendly as this would create good impact on the emotional development of the child. This would also assist in creating positive attitude among children and would also make it easy for them to deal with future problem of life.


Don't try to dominate your children as this would effect on their emotional stability and at the same time maintain a little control so that it would prevent them from going on a wrong path.


To find more info, visit here: https://abouthelenegoldnadel.wordpress.com/


Understanding and Predicting Your Child's Development

Posted by [email protected] on April 21, 2019 at 12:40 AM Comments comments (0)

Helene Goldnadel broadly divides development into five categories; physical, intellectual, language, emotional and social.


Physical development can be further divided into two sub-categories; fine motor skills and gross motor skills. Fine motor skills are those that are small and conducted via the hands. As babies, the main fine motor skill that they need to learn is simply gripping an object with their whole hand, known as palmer grasp (referring to them grasping with the palm of the hand.) As the child gets older they should be practicing picking up small items with their thumb and forefinger, known as pincer grip; activities such as threading beads or buttons onto string and holding a crayon correctly to make marks on paper are good ways of developing this skill. Of course, always be aware of items that may cause choking and remember that supervision is always paramount.


Gross motor skills are those that require action of the major muscles of the body, for example sitting without assistance and crawling as a baby, learning to pull themselves to a standing position and walking as a toddler, and running, jumping and skipping as a pre-schooler. To help your baby to learn how to crawl it is important to wait until they are gaining control and strength in their bodies. If they are keen to learn how to crawl they will be pulling themselves forward from a sitting position onto their hands and knees. If not, and you are sure they are strong enough; you can gently help them into this position to help them get used to it and encourage them to make the next step of moving their knees. To help your toddler learn to walk you can help them onto their feet and simply hold them in this position. When they are comfortable doing this you can encourage the slight movement of each foot and soon you will find them wanting to do this on their own; soon your little one will be walking towards you and holding your hands! To teach older children how to do anything the most important element is being a good role-model; show them how to do what they are finding difficult, for example jumping with two feet together. Allow them to copy you and make a game of it, the more practice the better, after all practice makes perfect.


Intellectual development refers to any knowledge the baby or child acquires, making them understand the world around themselves more. For example, as a baby sits in their highchair the mummy walks out of the room so the baby starts crying, this is because they think that their world is only as big as how far they can see. As the baby grows intellectually they learn that mummy might only be in a different room so they are reassured because she isn't really gone. It is interesting to watch toddlers trying to navigate their way around a new toy because they are using everything they have previously learned in their lives, for example that smaller objects sometimes fit into large holes and that if you open the lid of a box you can put things inside it. When older, the child will want to understand why things do what they do and how they work, for example they may watch the front wheel of their tricycle spin round whenever they pedal and will recognize that they are having that effect on the wheel. This is the stage when 'why' is their new favorite word!


Language development is exactly what you think it is. As babies, the main language development taking place is them watching adults speak to them and learning when a reply is needed, for which they will babble. As toddlers, their first words will be the things they value the most, i.e. mama, dada, milk, ball, teddy. These will then be used to make very short, simple sentences, which they will frequently use in all different situations until they learn when they 'fit' into conversation; this is when they get a positive reply from an adult, rather than being corrected. As pre-schoolers, most of the mother language will have been learned to get them through day-to-day life. They will be able to ask for what they want or need and are able to understand a great deal more of what people say to them than what they are able to say back. They will be asking what objects are and using their new words in different situations, as the toddlers do, to find out where it fits. They will also be finding other versions of the object that they have just learned the name of, for example different triangles around the room or on road signs when out walking.


Emotional development refers to the developmental stages a child goes through when learning how to deal with their emotions. People assume that when a baby cries they must be unhappy, however this is them simply expressing that they have a need that needs to be met, i.e wet nappy needs changing. Toddlers will often copy their peers in play, so when a child becomes upset, the others are visually uncomfortable with this; I have even seen toddlers approaching the upset child and patting them on the back and cuddling and kissing them, showing just how much they take in when watching adults. When a child is excited, others will often copy them by following them around the room clapping or shouting, this is how they learn how to show their emotions. As pre-schoolers, the children will now be comfortable playing on their own as well as with other children, meaning they have learned how to do this. Some will enjoy playing on their own so much (maybe due to being an only child) that they find it difficult playing with others. This is when adult guidance is needed; they should be telling the child that they understand they are feeling worried about playing with others but that doing so is a good way to make friends and have fun. It always fascinates me when I see children, from toddlers and pre-schoolers, playing with their dolls and inflicting their emotions onto them, or when they re-enact a scenario that the child has been in, showing the doll how they felt.


Social development is based on how the child learns to conduct themselves with others and understands what is socially acceptable and unacceptable. Toddlers copying other toddlers is a way of them showing that they value that child enough to copy them. They are learning how to conduct themselves in public by following the other toddlers lead. When at a party, a toddler may spit out a food they dislike; of course others will copy. This can be dealt with by explaining how to deal with something that you do not like and that it is not acceptable to spit, these children have then learned that spitting is not allowed and is frowned upon as it is not a nice thing to do. When playing in the make-believe corner a child walks past the queue of waiting children up to the desk where the 'nurse' is sitting. The other children get upset because 'he pushed in'; in this example it should be explained what a queue is and how they work, this is again teaching the child how to conduct themselves with others and showing them what is acceptable. 'Please' and 'thank you' are also part of growing socially developed because the child needs to learn how and when to use them and that we use them to be polite.


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